What is a formula in mathematics ⭐ Meaning, definition, examples, facts (2023)

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  • What is a formula in mathematics? Definition with examples

As we embark on our mathematical journey withbucket, let's start by demystifying what we mean by a formula in mathematics. Imagine trying to explain a complex concept, such as the propagation of sunlight or the reverberation of sound; it would be difficult without a common language, wouldn't it? Mathematical formula is exactly that language for mathematicians.

A mathematical formula is similar to a special sentence in mathematical language. It is a simple and elegant way of expressing an infinitely complex idea or relationship using mathematical symbols. It is an equation, a symbolic bridge that eloquently shows the relationship between different variables. The formula can be as simple as the relationship between the sides of a right triangle (a² + b² = c², known as the Pythagorean theorem) or as complex as Einstein's formula for the equivalence of mass and energy (E=mc²).

What is a formula in mathematics?

In the world of mathematics, the term formula can seem intimidating, but it is simply a way of expressing an idea or relationship using mathematical symbols. Just as we use words and sentences to communicate in everyday life, mathematicians use formulas as their language. A mathematical formula is a concise way of symbolically expressing information, a universal way of mathematical communication. It is an equation that shows the relationship between different variables. Formulas can provide quick solutions to complex problems. They are the building blocks of mathematics and a vital tool for understanding the world around us. For example, the formula for calculating the area of ​​a circle is πr², where r represents the radius of the circle.

list of mathematical formulas

Mathematics is a huge subject and covers a wide range of formulas. The following is a comprehensive list of basic mathematical formulas used in various areas of mathematics:

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  • Arithmetic: Basic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
  • Algebra: Equations, Functions and Patterns.
  • Geometry: shapes, sizes and properties of figures and spaces.
  • Calculus: Change and motion, including derivatives and integrals.
  • Statistics: Collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

simple formulas in mathematics

For the young students of Brighterly, let's dive into some simple math formulas. One of the most basic formulas you will encounter on your mathematical journey is the formula for finding the area of ​​a rectangle, which is the length times the width (A=lw). Another simple formula is for calculating the perimeter of a rectangle, which is 2(length + width) (P=2*(l+w)).

Basic formulas in geometry

Geometry is a fundamental branch of mathematics and provides us with a number of useful formulas. For example, the formula for the circumference of a circle is 2πr, and the formula for the volume of a cube is s³, where s represents the length of the side of the cube. Geometric formulas can be applied to many fields including computer graphics, design and architecture.

basic algebraic formula

Algebra is another fundamental area of ​​mathematics. The most basic algebraic formula is the solution of a linear equation, which is x = (b – c) / a for the equation ax + b = c. Algebra forms the basis for advanced mathematics and science and is used in many areas of life and work.

Arithmetic mean formula

The arithmetic mean, also known as the average, is a fundamental concept in mathematics and statistics. The calculation formula is the sum of all numbers divided by the number of numbers. The average gives us the "middle" value in a data set and is widely used in fields such as finance, physics, and the social sciences.

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The importance of mathematical formulas for students

Mathematical formulas play a key role in the learning process of students. They help simplify complex concepts, making them easier to understand and remember. Furthermore, these formulas are universal, which means they can be used to solve problems in different contexts and topics. By mastering these formulas, students are equipped with a powerful set of tools that can greatly improve their problem-solving skills.

Tips for memorizing mathematical formulas

Memorizing mathematical formulas can be a challenging task. Here are some tips that can help:

  1. Understanding the formula: Before memorizing a formula, try to understand what it means and how it works. This can facilitate memorization and correct application.
  2. Practice regularly: Practice is key when it comes to mastering formulas. The more you use the formula, the more familiar it becomes.
  3. Use cards: write each formula on a separate card. Review the flashcards regularly to strengthen your memory.

Applications of mathematical formulas in real life

Mathematical formulas are not just abstract concepts confined to textbooks; they have a wide range of real-world applications. They are used in fields as diverse as engineering, economics, computer science, physics, and even everyday life activities like budgeting or measuring ingredients for a recipe.

Examples solved in mathematical formulas

Let's consider a worked example to illustrate the use of mathematical formulas. If you have a rectangular yard that is 10 feet long and 6 feet wide, you can use the formula for the area of ​​a rectangle (A=l*w) to calculate its area, which would be 60 square feet.

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Practical exercises on mathematical formulas

It's time to put your math skills to work. Here's a problem for you: If a circle has a radius of 5 cm, what is its circumference? Remember, the formula for the circumference of a circle is 2πr.


Understanding mathematical formulas is like decoding the language of the universe. These symbolic expressions allow us to translate complex problems into understandable and manageable solutions. They are the essence of mathematics, the embodiment of its beauty, universality and logic.

Here at Brighterly, we aim to inspire a passion for mathematics in young minds. We believe that mastering these formulas can open up a sea of ​​possibilities for students. These magic keys open the door to more advanced areas of mathematics and related fields such as physics, computer science, economics and others. By immersing themselves in the world of formulas and practicing them regularly, students develop essential problem-solving skills.

Frequently Asked Questions about Mathematical Formulas

What are the basic math formulas I should know?

Understanding basic mathematical formulas lays the foundation for future learning. Some essential formulas include formulas for calculating the area and perimeter of simple shapes, the Pythagorean lesson for right triangles, basic algebraic formulas such as the quadratic formula, and the formula for calculating the mean of a set of data. At Brighterly, we encourage students to first understand the principles of these formulas before memorizing them, as understanding helps with retention and application.

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Why are mathematical formulas important?

Mathematical formulas are like problem-solving tools. They distill complex relationships and concepts into a concise, manageable form that we can use for calculations and predictions. Without them, we would be stuck doing long, complicated calculations for every problem. In fields such as physics, engineering, finance, and even everyday activities such as cooking or shopping, these formulas play an indispensable role. By providing a unique method of understanding and solving problems, formulas allow us to navigate the world more efficiently.

How can I remember mathematical formulas better?

Sometimes memorizing math formulas can seem daunting, but don't worry! The key is to first understand the formula; if you know what it means, it will be easier to remember. You can use cards with a formula on one side and an application example on the other. Regular practice also helps with memory – the more you use the formula, the more familiar it becomes. Here at Brighterly, our interactive learning modules are designed to help students understand and remember formulas effectively.

Are mathematical formulas universal?

Yes, one of the beautiful things about mathematical formulas is their universality. The mathematical formula does not change depending on where you are or what language you speak. The formula for the area of ​​a circle is always πr², whether you're in the US, China, or Egypt. This is why mathematics is often called the universal language.

Where are mathematical formulas used in real life?

Mathematical formulas have many applications in real life. In a supermarket, you can use the arithmetic mean formula to calculate the average price of a product. Architects use geometric formulas when designing buildings. In the field of finance, formulas are used to calculate interest, depreciation, and investment growth. Even your GPS uses complex mathematical formulas to calculate the shortest route to your destination. With Brighterly, you can learn more about the fascinating real-world applications of mathematical formulas.

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Sources of information
  1. WolframAlpha math examples
  2. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
  3. Mathematical Association of America


What is a formula in mathematics? ›

In mathematics, a formula is a fact, rule, or principle that is expressed in terms of mathematical symbols. Examples of formulas include equations, equalities, identities, inequalities, and asymptotic expressions.

What is an example of a formula in math? ›

A formula is a mathematical rule or relationship that uses letters to represent amounts which can be changed – these are called variables. For example, the formula to work out the area of a triangle. Triangle area = b h 2 (where represents the base of the triangle and represents the height of the triangle).

What is a formula simple definition? ›

What is Formula in Math? The formula is a fact or a rule written with mathematical symbols. It usually connects two or more quantities with an equal sign.

What is a formula math kid definition? ›

A formula is a group of mathematical symbols and numbers that show how to work something out. Examples include formulae for calculating the perimeter and area of 2D shapes and how to work out the volume for 3D shapes.

What is formula your answer? ›

Answer: A formula is an expression which calculates the value of a cell. ...

What is called formula? ›

In science, a formula is a concise way of expressing information symbolically, as in a mathematical formula or a chemical formula. The informal use of the term formula in science refers to the general construct of a relationship between given quantities.

What are common formulas? ›

Important Math Formulas
  • Area of Rectangle: area = length x width. ...
  • Perimeter of a rectangle: 2(l + b) ...
  • Area of a square: a² ...
  • Perimeter of a square: 4 x a. ...
  • Area of a circle: π x r² ...
  • Circumference of a circle: 2π x r. ...
  • Find the Average: Sum of total numbers divided by the number of values.
Jun 21, 2022

What is the best formula in maths? ›

Euler's Identity is written simply as: e^(iπ) + 1 = 0, it comprises the five most important mathematical constants, and it is an equation that has been compared to a Shakespearean sonnet. The physicist Richard Feynman called it “the most remarkable formula in mathematics”.

What are the 3 types of formulas? ›

There are three main types of chemical formulas: empirical, molecular and structural. Empirical formulas show the simplest whole-number ratio of atoms in a compound, molecular formulas show the number of each type of atom in a molecule, and structural formulas show how the atoms in a molecule are bonded to each other.

How do formulas work? ›

In Microsoft Excel, a formula is an expression that operates on values in a range of cells. These formulas return a result, even when it is an error. Excel formulas enable you to perform calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

What are formula questions? ›

What are formula questions? They are questions in which there are one or more numerical values, and students use these values to calculate an answer. The values are randomised. So the correct answer is not a fixed value, but a number produced by a formula.

What are the 4 types of formula? ›

The forms commonly encountered are empirical, molecular, structural, and projection formulas. An empirical formula consists of symbols representing elements in a compound, such as Na for sodium and Cl for chlorine, and subscripts indicating the relative number of atoms of each constituent element.

What are two types of formulas? ›

Formula comes in 2 different forms: a dry powder you make up with water, or a ready-to-feed liquid formula. While ready-to-feed liquid formula can be convenient, it tends to be more expensive and, once opened, needs to be used more quickly.

How many formula types are there? ›

The origin of the term lies in the nomenclature that was adopted by the FIA for all of its post-World War II single-seater regulations, or formulae. The best known of these formulae are Formula One, Formula E, Formula Two, Formula Three, regional Formula Three and Formula Four.

What are the basic rules of math? ›

The four basic Mathematical rules are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

What are the 7 unsolved math problems? ›

Clay “to increase and disseminate mathematical knowledge.” The seven problems, which were announced in 2000, are the Riemann hypothesis, P versus NP problem, Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture, Hodge conjecture, Navier-Stokes equation, Yang-Mills theory, and Poincaré conjecture.

Can you do math formulas in word? ›

If you need to use an equation, add or write it in Word. Select Insert > Equation or press Alt + =. To use a built-in formula, select Design > Equation. To create your own, select Design > Equation > Ink Equation.

What is the hardest math formula? ›

For decades, a math puzzle has stumped the smartest mathematicians in the world. x3+y3+z3=k, with k being all the numbers from one to 100, is a Diophantine equation that's sometimes known as "summing of three cubes." When there are two or more unknowns, as is the case here, only the integers are studied.

What is the biggest math formula ever? ›

What is the world's longest equation? Answer – The Boolean Pythagorean Triples issue was initially introduced in the 1980s by California-based mathematician Ronald Graham is the longest arithmetic equation, according to Sciencealert, and includes roughly 200 gigabytes of text.

Should I memorize math formulas? ›

Memorization is essential to gaining fluency as well as competency in mathematics. One should save time by deeply understanding the concepts in mathematics. Once you achieve fluency in mathematics, you can store facts in your mind for longer and repeat them later.

What formula do you start with? ›

Start with a standard commercial baby formula.

Unless your baby's pediatrician recommends otherwise, it's good to start with standard cow's milk infant formula—that's what most babies do well on. Just be sure to avoid non-U.S. brands of baby formula since the FDA only regulates American baby formulas.

Are all formulas the same? ›

Although all infant formula must meet FDA requirements, there are differences among brands. Not even considering the differences between milk-based, soy, lactose-free, hydrolyzed, and hypo-allergenic formulas, milk-based formulas aren't exactly the same.

Why do people use formulas? ›

For moms who can't breastfeed or who decide not to, infant formula is a healthy alternative. Formula provides babies with the nutrients they need to grow and thrive. Some mothers worry that if they don't breastfeed, they won't bond with their baby.

What's the difference between a formula and an equation? ›

An equation is made up of expressions that equal each other. A formula is an equation with two or more variables that represents a relationship between the variables.

What is a formula vs function math? ›

A formula is a string of symbols, arranged according to mathematical grammar. A function is a mathematical object that plays a role in arithmetic operations like "evaluation" or "composition".

What is a formula and what is a function? ›

The formula is the statement used for the calculation.A function is a code that is designed for calculations.
Formulas could be simple or complex and always stars with equal to operator.A function is used inside the formula.

Are there two types of formulas? ›

Formula comes in 2 different forms: a dry powder you make up with water, or a ready-to-feed liquid formula. While ready-to-feed liquid formula can be convenient, it tends to be more expensive and, once opened, needs to be used more quickly.

What is chart in MS Excel? ›

In Microsoft Excel, charts are used to make a graphical representation of any set of data. A chart is a visual representation of data, in which the data is represented by symbols such as bars in a bar chart or lines in a line chart.

What can you get from knowing how do you use Excel? ›

Top 10 Benefits of Microsoft Excel – Why YOU Should Learn it in 2023
  1. The Best Way to Store Data.
  2. You can perform calculations.
  3. All the tools for data analysis.
  4. Easy to Create Data Visualizations with Charts.
  5. You can Print Reports Easily.
  6. So many free templates to use.
  7. You can code to automate.
  8. Transform and clean data.

Which tab on the ribbon accesses the function library? ›

To access the Function Library, select the Formulas tab on the Ribbon. Look for the Function Library group.

Which is a function example? ›

An example of a simple function is f(x) = x2. In this function, the function f(x) takes the value of “x” and then squares it. For instance, if x = 3, then f(3) = 9. A few more examples of functions are: f(x) = sin x, f(x) = x2 + 3, f(x) = 1/x, f(x) = 2x + 3, etc.

How do I sum a column in Excel? ›

If you need to sum a column or row of numbers, let Excel do the math for you. Select a cell next to the numbers you want to sum, click AutoSum on the Home tab, press Enter, and you're done. When you click AutoSum, Excel automatically enters a formula (that uses the SUM function) to sum the numbers.

What is the difference between relative cell reference and absolute cell reference? ›

Relative references change when a formula is copied to another cell. Absolute references, on the other hand, remain constant no matter where they are copied.

What is the easiest way to learn formulas? ›

Practice, practice and practice: Practice makes you perfect! When you practice using the formulas you want to learn, your brain understands the application of the formula and remembers it. Try solving and practicing problems using the formula and you will see results! Repetition leads to memorization.

How can I learn formulas fast? ›

8 Easy Ways to Memorize Math Formulas
  1. Develop a Keen Interest in the Subject. ...
  2. Employ Visual Memory. ...
  3. Try Different Learning Strategies. ...
  4. Get Rid of Distractions. ...
  5. Practice as Much as You can. ...
  6. Use Memory Techniques. ...
  7. Sleep on it. ...
  8. Understand the Formulas.
Jul 20, 2022

How do you make a simple formula? ›

Simple formulas always start with an equal sign (=), followed by constants that are numeric values and calculation operators such as plus (+), minus (-), asterisk(*), or forward slash (/) signs.


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